sparknlp.annotator.XlnetEmbeddings

class sparknlp.annotator.XlnetEmbeddings(classname='com.johnsnowlabs.nlp.embeddings.XlnetEmbeddings', java_model=None)[source]

Bases: sparknlp.common.AnnotatorModel, sparknlp.common.HasEmbeddingsProperties, sparknlp.common.HasCaseSensitiveProperties, sparknlp.common.HasStorageRef, sparknlp.common.HasBatchedAnnotate

XlnetEmbeddings (XLNet): Generalized Autoregressive Pretraining for Language Understanding

XLNet is a new unsupervised language representation learning method based on a novel generalized permutation language modeling objective. Additionally, XLNet employs Transformer-XL as the backbone model, exhibiting excellent performance for language tasks involving long context. Overall, XLNet achieves state-of-the-art (SOTA) results on various downstream language tasks including question answering, natural language inference, sentiment analysis, and document ranking.

These word embeddings represent the outputs generated by the XLNet models.

  • "xlnet_large_cased" (XLNet-Large): 24-layer, 1024-hidden, 16-heads

  • "xlnet_base_cased" (XLNet-Base): 12-layer, 768-hidden, 12-heads. This model is trained on full data (different from the one in the paper).

Pretrained models can be loaded with pretrained() of the companion object:

>>> embeddings = XlnetEmbeddings.pretrained() \
...     .setInputCols(["sentence", "token"]) \
...     .setOutputCol("embeddings")

The default model is "xlnet_base_cased", if no name is provided.

For extended examples of usage, see the Spark NLP Workshop. Models from the HuggingFace 🤗 Transformers library are also compatible with Spark NLP 🚀. To see which models are compatible and how to import them see Import Transformers into Spark NLP 🚀.

Input Annotation types

Output Annotation type

DOCUMENT, TOKEN

WORD_EMBEDDINGS

Parameters
batchSize

Size of every batch, by default 8

dimension

Number of embedding dimensions, by default 768

caseSensitive

Whether to ignore case in tokens for embeddings matching, by default True

configProtoBytes

ConfigProto from tensorflow, serialized into byte array.

maxSentenceLength

Max sentence length to process, by default 128

Notes

This is a very computationally expensive module compared to word embedding modules that only perform embedding lookups. The use of an accelerator is recommended.

References

XLNet: Generalized Autoregressive Pretraining for Language Understanding

https://github.com/zihangdai/xlnet

Paper abstract:

With the capability of modeling bidirectional contexts, denoising autoencoding based pretraining like BERT achieves better performance than pretraining approaches based on autoregressive language modeling. However, relying on corrupting the input with masks, BERT neglects dependency between the masked positions and suffers from a pretrain-finetune discrepancy. In light of these pros and cons, we propose XLNet, a generalized autoregressive pretraining method that (1) enables learning bidirectional contexts by maximizing the expected likelihood over all permutations of the factorization order and (2) overcomes the limitations of BERT thanks to its autoregressive formulation. Furthermore, XLNet integrates ideas from Transformer-XL, the state-of-the-art autoregressive model, into pretraining. Empirically, under comparable experiment settings, XLNet outperforms BERT on 20 tasks, often by a large margin, including question answering, natural language inference, sentiment analysis, and document ranking.

Examples

>>> import sparknlp
>>> from sparknlp.base import *
>>> from sparknlp.annotator import *
>>> from pyspark.ml import Pipeline
>>> documentAssembler = DocumentAssembler() \
...     .setInputCol("text") \
...     .setOutputCol("document")
>>> tokenizer = Tokenizer() \
...     .setInputCols(["document"]) \
...     .setOutputCol("token")
>>> embeddings = XlnetEmbeddings.pretrained() \
...     .setInputCols(["token", "document"]) \
...     .setOutputCol("embeddings")
>>> embeddingsFinisher = EmbeddingsFinisher() \
...     .setInputCols(["embeddings"]) \
...     .setOutputCols("finished_embeddings") \
...     .setOutputAsVector(True) \
...     .setCleanAnnotations(False)
>>> pipeline = Pipeline().setStages([
...     documentAssembler,
...     tokenizer,
...     embeddings,
...     embeddingsFinisher
... ])
>>> data = spark.createDataFrame([["This is a sentence."]]).toDF("text")
>>> result = pipeline.fit(data).transform(data)
>>> result.selectExpr("explode(finished_embeddings) as result").show(5, 80)
+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|                                                                          result|
+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|[-0.6287205219268799,-0.4865287244319916,-0.186111718416214,0.234187275171279...|
|[-1.1967450380325317,0.2746637463569641,0.9481253027915955,0.3431355059146881...|
|[-1.0777631998062134,-2.092679977416992,-1.5331977605819702,-1.11190271377563...|
|[-0.8349916934967041,-0.45627787709236145,-0.7890847325325012,-1.028069257736...|
|[-0.134845569729805,-0.11672890186309814,0.4945235550403595,-0.66587203741073...|
+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

Methods

__init__([classname, java_model])

Initialize this instance with a Java model object.

clear(param)

Clears a param from the param map if it has been explicitly set.

copy([extra])

Creates a copy of this instance with the same uid and some extra params.

explainParam(param)

Explains a single param and returns its name, doc, and optional default value and user-supplied value in a string.

explainParams()

Returns the documentation of all params with their optionally default values and user-supplied values.

extractParamMap([extra])

Extracts the embedded default param values and user-supplied values, and then merges them with extra values from input into a flat param map, where the latter value is used if there exist conflicts, i.e., with ordering: default param values < user-supplied values < extra.

getBatchSize()

Gets current batch size.

getCaseSensitive()

Gets whether to ignore case in tokens for embeddings matching.

getDimension()

Gets embeddings dimension.

getInputCols()

Gets current column names of input annotations.

getLazyAnnotator()

Gets whether Annotator should be evaluated lazily in a RecursivePipeline.

getOrDefault(param)

Gets the value of a param in the user-supplied param map or its default value.

getOutputCol()

Gets output column name of annotations.

getParam(paramName)

Gets a param by its name.

getParamValue(paramName)

Gets the value of a parameter.

getStorageRef()

Gets unique reference name for identification.

hasDefault(param)

Checks whether a param has a default value.

hasParam(paramName)

Tests whether this instance contains a param with a given (string) name.

isDefined(param)

Checks whether a param is explicitly set by user or has a default value.

isSet(param)

Checks whether a param is explicitly set by user.

load(path)

Reads an ML instance from the input path, a shortcut of read().load(path).

loadSavedModel(folder, spark_session)

Loads a locally saved model.

pretrained([name, lang, remote_loc])

Downloads and loads a pretrained model.

read()

Returns an MLReader instance for this class.

save(path)

Save this ML instance to the given path, a shortcut of 'write().save(path)'.

set(param, value)

Sets a parameter in the embedded param map.

setBatchSize(v)

Sets batch size.

setCaseSensitive(value)

Sets whether to ignore case in tokens for embeddings matching.

setConfigProtoBytes(b)

Sets configProto from tensorflow, serialized into byte array.

setDimension(value)

Sets embeddings dimension.

setInputCols(*value)

Sets column names of input annotations.

setLazyAnnotator(value)

Sets whether Annotator should be evaluated lazily in a RecursivePipeline.

setMaxSentenceLength(value)

Sets max sentence length to process.

setOutputCol(value)

Sets output column name of annotations.

setParamValue(paramName)

Sets the value of a parameter.

setParams()

setStorageRef(value)

Sets unique reference name for identification.

transform(dataset[, params])

Transforms the input dataset with optional parameters.

write()

Returns an MLWriter instance for this ML instance.

Attributes

batchSize

caseSensitive

configProtoBytes

dimension

getter_attrs

inputCols

lazyAnnotator

maxSentenceLength

name

outputCol

params

Returns all params ordered by name.

storageRef

clear(param)

Clears a param from the param map if it has been explicitly set.

copy(extra=None)

Creates a copy of this instance with the same uid and some extra params. This implementation first calls Params.copy and then make a copy of the companion Java pipeline component with extra params. So both the Python wrapper and the Java pipeline component get copied.

Parameters

extra – Extra parameters to copy to the new instance

Returns

Copy of this instance

explainParam(param)

Explains a single param and returns its name, doc, and optional default value and user-supplied value in a string.

explainParams()

Returns the documentation of all params with their optionally default values and user-supplied values.

extractParamMap(extra=None)

Extracts the embedded default param values and user-supplied values, and then merges them with extra values from input into a flat param map, where the latter value is used if there exist conflicts, i.e., with ordering: default param values < user-supplied values < extra.

Parameters

extra – extra param values

Returns

merged param map

getBatchSize()

Gets current batch size.

Returns
int

Current batch size

getCaseSensitive()

Gets whether to ignore case in tokens for embeddings matching.

Returns
bool

Whether to ignore case in tokens for embeddings matching

getDimension()

Gets embeddings dimension.

getInputCols()

Gets current column names of input annotations.

getLazyAnnotator()

Gets whether Annotator should be evaluated lazily in a RecursivePipeline.

getOrDefault(param)

Gets the value of a param in the user-supplied param map or its default value. Raises an error if neither is set.

getOutputCol()

Gets output column name of annotations.

getParam(paramName)

Gets a param by its name.

getParamValue(paramName)

Gets the value of a parameter.

Parameters
paramNamestr

Name of the parameter

getStorageRef()

Gets unique reference name for identification.

Returns
str

Unique reference name for identification

hasDefault(param)

Checks whether a param has a default value.

hasParam(paramName)

Tests whether this instance contains a param with a given (string) name.

isDefined(param)

Checks whether a param is explicitly set by user or has a default value.

isSet(param)

Checks whether a param is explicitly set by user.

classmethod load(path)

Reads an ML instance from the input path, a shortcut of read().load(path).

static loadSavedModel(folder, spark_session)[source]

Loads a locally saved model.

Parameters
folderstr

Folder of the saved model

spark_sessionpyspark.sql.SparkSession

The current SparkSession

Returns
XlnetEmbeddings

The restored model

property params

Returns all params ordered by name. The default implementation uses dir() to get all attributes of type Param.

static pretrained(name='xlnet_base_cased', lang='en', remote_loc=None)[source]

Downloads and loads a pretrained model.

Parameters
namestr, optional

Name of the pretrained model, by default “xlnet_base_cased”

langstr, optional

Language of the pretrained model, by default “en”

remote_locstr, optional

Optional remote address of the resource, by default None. Will use Spark NLPs repositories otherwise.

Returns
XlnetEmbeddings

The restored model

classmethod read()

Returns an MLReader instance for this class.

save(path)

Save this ML instance to the given path, a shortcut of ‘write().save(path)’.

set(param, value)

Sets a parameter in the embedded param map.

setBatchSize(v)

Sets batch size.

Parameters
vint

Batch size

setCaseSensitive(value)

Sets whether to ignore case in tokens for embeddings matching.

Parameters
valuebool

Whether to ignore case in tokens for embeddings matching

setConfigProtoBytes(b)[source]

Sets configProto from tensorflow, serialized into byte array.

Parameters
bList[str]

ConfigProto from tensorflow, serialized into byte array

setDimension(value)

Sets embeddings dimension.

Parameters
valueint

Embeddings dimension

setInputCols(*value)

Sets column names of input annotations.

Parameters
*valuestr

Input columns for the annotator

setLazyAnnotator(value)

Sets whether Annotator should be evaluated lazily in a RecursivePipeline.

Parameters
valuebool

Whether Annotator should be evaluated lazily in a RecursivePipeline

setMaxSentenceLength(value)[source]

Sets max sentence length to process.

Parameters
valueint

Max sentence length to process

setOutputCol(value)

Sets output column name of annotations.

Parameters
valuestr

Name of output column

setParamValue(paramName)

Sets the value of a parameter.

Parameters
paramNamestr

Name of the parameter

setStorageRef(value)

Sets unique reference name for identification.

Parameters
valuestr

Unique reference name for identification

transform(dataset, params=None)

Transforms the input dataset with optional parameters.

Parameters
  • dataset – input dataset, which is an instance of pyspark.sql.DataFrame

  • params – an optional param map that overrides embedded params.

Returns

transformed dataset

New in version 1.3.0.

uid

A unique id for the object.

write()

Returns an MLWriter instance for this ML instance.