sparknlp.annotator.UniversalSentenceEncoder

class sparknlp.annotator.UniversalSentenceEncoder(classname='com.johnsnowlabs.nlp.embeddings.UniversalSentenceEncoder', java_model=None)[source]

Bases: sparknlp.common.AnnotatorModel, sparknlp.common.HasEmbeddingsProperties, sparknlp.common.HasStorageRef

The Universal Sentence Encoder encodes text into high dimensional vectors that can be used for text classification, semantic similarity, clustering and other natural language tasks.

Pretrained models can be loaded with pretrained() of the companion object:

>>> useEmbeddings = UniversalSentenceEncoder.pretrained() \
...     .setInputCols(["sentence"]) \
...     .setOutputCol("sentence_embeddings")

The default model is "tfhub_use", if no name is provided. For available pretrained models please see the Models Hub.

For extended examples of usage, see the Spark NLP Workshop.

Input Annotation types

Output Annotation type

DOCUMENT

SENTENCE_EMBEDDINGS

Parameters
dimension

Number of embedding dimensions

loadSP

Whether to load SentencePiece ops file which is required only by multi-lingual models, by default False

configProtoBytes

ConfigProto from tensorflow, serialized into byte array.

References

Universal Sentence Encoder

https://tfhub.dev/google/universal-sentence-encoder/2

Paper abstract:

We present models for encoding sentences into embedding vectors that specifically target transfer learning to other NLP tasks. The models are efficient and result in accurate performance on diverse transfer tasks. Two variants of the encoding models allow for trade-offs between accuracy and compute resources. For both variants, we investigate and report the relationship between model complexity, resource consumption, the availability of transfer task training data, and task performance. Comparisons are made with baselines that use word level transfer learning via pretrained word embeddings as well as baselines do not use any transfer learning. We find that transfer learning using sentence embeddings tends to outperform word level transfer. With transfer learning via sentence embeddings, we observe surprisingly good performance with minimal amounts of supervised training data for a transfer task. We obtain encouraging results on Word Embedding Association Tests (WEAT) targeted at detecting model bias. Our pre-trained sentence encoding models are made freely available for download and on TF Hub.

Examples

>>> import sparknlp
>>> from sparknlp.base import *
>>> from sparknlp.annotator import *
>>> from pyspark.ml import Pipeline
>>> documentAssembler = DocumentAssembler() \
...     .setInputCol("text") \
...     .setOutputCol("document")
>>> sentence = SentenceDetector() \
...     .setInputCols(["document"]) \
...     .setOutputCol("sentence")
>>> embeddings = UniversalSentenceEncoder.pretrained() \
...     .setInputCols(["sentence"]) \
...     .setOutputCol("sentence_embeddings")
>>> embeddingsFinisher = EmbeddingsFinisher() \
...     .setInputCols(["sentence_embeddings"]) \
...     .setOutputCols("finished_embeddings") \
...     .setOutputAsVector(True) \
...     .setCleanAnnotations(False)
>>> pipeline = Pipeline() \
...     .setStages([
...       documentAssembler,
...       sentence,
...       embeddings,
...       embeddingsFinisher
...     ])
>>> data = spark.createDataFrame([["This is a sentence."]]).toDF("text")
>>> result = pipeline.fit(data).transform(data)
>>> result.selectExpr("explode(finished_embeddings) as result").show(5, 80)
+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|                                                                          result|
+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|[0.04616805538535118,0.022307956591248512,-0.044395286589860916,-0.0016493503...|
+--------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

Methods

__init__([classname, java_model])

Initialize this instance with a Java model object.

clear(param)

Clears a param from the param map if it has been explicitly set.

copy([extra])

Creates a copy of this instance with the same uid and some extra params.

explainParam(param)

Explains a single param and returns its name, doc, and optional default value and user-supplied value in a string.

explainParams()

Returns the documentation of all params with their optionally default values and user-supplied values.

extractParamMap([extra])

Extracts the embedded default param values and user-supplied values, and then merges them with extra values from input into a flat param map, where the latter value is used if there exist conflicts, i.e., with ordering: default param values < user-supplied values < extra.

getDimension()

Gets embeddings dimension.

getInputCols()

Gets current column names of input annotations.

getLazyAnnotator()

Gets whether Annotator should be evaluated lazily in a RecursivePipeline.

getOrDefault(param)

Gets the value of a param in the user-supplied param map or its default value.

getOutputCol()

Gets output column name of annotations.

getParam(paramName)

Gets a param by its name.

getParamValue(paramName)

Gets the value of a parameter.

getStorageRef()

Gets unique reference name for identification.

hasDefault(param)

Checks whether a param has a default value.

hasParam(paramName)

Tests whether this instance contains a param with a given (string) name.

isDefined(param)

Checks whether a param is explicitly set by user or has a default value.

isSet(param)

Checks whether a param is explicitly set by user.

load(path)

Reads an ML instance from the input path, a shortcut of read().load(path).

loadSavedModel(folder, spark_session[, loadsp])

Loads a locally saved model.

pretrained([name, lang, remote_loc])

Downloads and loads a pretrained model.

read()

Returns an MLReader instance for this class.

save(path)

Save this ML instance to the given path, a shortcut of 'write().save(path)'.

set(param, value)

Sets a parameter in the embedded param map.

setConfigProtoBytes(b)

Sets configProto from tensorflow, serialized into byte array.

setDimension(value)

Sets embeddings dimension.

setInputCols(*value)

Sets column names of input annotations.

setLazyAnnotator(value)

Sets whether Annotator should be evaluated lazily in a RecursivePipeline.

setLoadSP(value)

Sets whether to load SentencePiece ops file which is required only by multi-lingual models, by default False.

setOutputCol(value)

Sets output column name of annotations.

setParamValue(paramName)

Sets the value of a parameter.

setParams()

setStorageRef(value)

Sets unique reference name for identification.

transform(dataset[, params])

Transforms the input dataset with optional parameters.

write()

Returns an MLWriter instance for this ML instance.

Attributes

configProtoBytes

dimension

getter_attrs

inputCols

lazyAnnotator

loadSP

name

outputCol

params

Returns all params ordered by name.

storageRef

clear(param)

Clears a param from the param map if it has been explicitly set.

copy(extra=None)

Creates a copy of this instance with the same uid and some extra params. This implementation first calls Params.copy and then make a copy of the companion Java pipeline component with extra params. So both the Python wrapper and the Java pipeline component get copied.

Parameters

extra – Extra parameters to copy to the new instance

Returns

Copy of this instance

explainParam(param)

Explains a single param and returns its name, doc, and optional default value and user-supplied value in a string.

explainParams()

Returns the documentation of all params with their optionally default values and user-supplied values.

extractParamMap(extra=None)

Extracts the embedded default param values and user-supplied values, and then merges them with extra values from input into a flat param map, where the latter value is used if there exist conflicts, i.e., with ordering: default param values < user-supplied values < extra.

Parameters

extra – extra param values

Returns

merged param map

getDimension()

Gets embeddings dimension.

getInputCols()

Gets current column names of input annotations.

getLazyAnnotator()

Gets whether Annotator should be evaluated lazily in a RecursivePipeline.

getOrDefault(param)

Gets the value of a param in the user-supplied param map or its default value. Raises an error if neither is set.

getOutputCol()

Gets output column name of annotations.

getParam(paramName)

Gets a param by its name.

getParamValue(paramName)

Gets the value of a parameter.

Parameters
paramNamestr

Name of the parameter

getStorageRef()

Gets unique reference name for identification.

Returns
str

Unique reference name for identification

hasDefault(param)

Checks whether a param has a default value.

hasParam(paramName)

Tests whether this instance contains a param with a given (string) name.

isDefined(param)

Checks whether a param is explicitly set by user or has a default value.

isSet(param)

Checks whether a param is explicitly set by user.

classmethod load(path)

Reads an ML instance from the input path, a shortcut of read().load(path).

static loadSavedModel(folder, spark_session, loadsp=False)[source]

Loads a locally saved model.

Parameters
folderstr

Folder of the saved model

spark_sessionpyspark.sql.SparkSession

The current SparkSession

Returns
UniversalSentenceEncoder

The restored model

property params

Returns all params ordered by name. The default implementation uses dir() to get all attributes of type Param.

static pretrained(name='tfhub_use', lang='en', remote_loc=None)[source]

Downloads and loads a pretrained model.

Parameters
namestr, optional

Name of the pretrained model, by default “tfhub_use”

langstr, optional

Language of the pretrained model, by default “en”

remote_locstr, optional

Optional remote address of the resource, by default None. Will use Spark NLPs repositories otherwise.

Returns
UniversalSentenceEncoder

The restored model

classmethod read()

Returns an MLReader instance for this class.

save(path)

Save this ML instance to the given path, a shortcut of ‘write().save(path)’.

set(param, value)

Sets a parameter in the embedded param map.

setConfigProtoBytes(b)[source]

Sets configProto from tensorflow, serialized into byte array.

Parameters
bList[str]

ConfigProto from tensorflow, serialized into byte array

setDimension(value)

Sets embeddings dimension.

Parameters
valueint

Embeddings dimension

setInputCols(*value)

Sets column names of input annotations.

Parameters
*valuestr

Input columns for the annotator

setLazyAnnotator(value)

Sets whether Annotator should be evaluated lazily in a RecursivePipeline.

Parameters
valuebool

Whether Annotator should be evaluated lazily in a RecursivePipeline

setLoadSP(value)[source]

Sets whether to load SentencePiece ops file which is required only by multi-lingual models, by default False.

Parameters
valuebool

Whether to load SentencePiece ops file which is required only by multi-lingual models

setOutputCol(value)

Sets output column name of annotations.

Parameters
valuestr

Name of output column

setParamValue(paramName)

Sets the value of a parameter.

Parameters
paramNamestr

Name of the parameter

setStorageRef(value)

Sets unique reference name for identification.

Parameters
valuestr

Unique reference name for identification

transform(dataset, params=None)

Transforms the input dataset with optional parameters.

Parameters
  • dataset – input dataset, which is an instance of pyspark.sql.DataFrame

  • params – an optional param map that overrides embedded params.

Returns

transformed dataset

New in version 1.3.0.

uid

A unique id for the object.

write()

Returns an MLWriter instance for this ML instance.